Also known as “bee cement,” propolis is a chemically complex and highly active substance made by bees, who mix resin from pine and evergreen trees with beeswax, pollen and with their own saliva. Loaded with natural antiseptics and other antimicrobials, propolis is used to build and patch beehives, and protect their interiors from viruses and bacteria.

propolis from honeycomb

Propolis's Long History

The first recorded use of propolis was in Greece, dating back to 350 BC. The Egyptians also used it to aid mummification.